02 May, 2021

New Maneuver of Fugitive Accused of PNB Scam: Nirav Modi appeals to the UK High Court

Wanted diamond businessman Nirav Modi in PNB scam has appealed in the UK High Court against the decision to extradite India. He has filed a petition seeking permission to challenge the court's extradition decision and its decision to approve the UK Home Ministry. Earlier in February, the last hearing on Nirav's extradition took place in the Westminster Court of Britain. The court had approved to send Nirav to India. After this, on 16 April, the UK Home Ministry also approved the handing over of Nirav to India. 

Now after this, Nirav was sure to come to India. 

Judge Samuel Gooji had said that Nirav Modi would have to answer in the case going on in India. He admitted that there is enough evidence against Nirav Modi. The decision came after a 2-year legal battle. 

Nirav Modi is accused of committing fraud of around 14 thousand crores by taking a loan from PNB. He escaped from the country in January 2018 after the scam surfaced. Nirav Modi, arrested on March 19, 2019, is accused of conspiracy to commit money laundering, tampering of evidence, and intimidating witnesses. On 16 April, the UK Home Ministry approved the extradition to India.


Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

01 May, 2021

Bar Council of India extends the date for filling the AIBE XVI exam form[June 15, 2021]

The Bar Council of India (Bar Council of India, BCI) has put forward the last date of registration for the AIBE XVI (16) 2021 exam. According to this, candidates can now fill the form for the All India Bar Examination application form by June 15, 2021. To fill the online application form, visit the official website https://allindiabarexamination.com/" rel="nofollow .However the date of AIBE XVI (16) examination has not been announced yet. In this regard, the BCI has said that, when the conditions are normal, then the new dates of the examination will be announced. The last date for filling the AIBE 16th edition (AIBE 16) examination form by BCI was on 30th April, 2021. The All India Bar Exam will be conducted in 40 cities across the country. The exam pattern will be multiple choice.


Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

27 April, 2021

Specific relief only for enforcing individual civil rights and not for enforcing penal laws

Specific relief can be granted only for the purpose of enforcing individual civil rights and not for the mere purpose of enforcing a penal law. Therefore the provisions of this Act are applicable to civil cases adn not to criminal cases. 

In Bhudeb Mookerjee v Kalachand Malik AIR 1921 Cal 129, the Court held that the word obligation in Section 4 of the Specific Relief Act may be taken to be tie or bond which contrains a person to do or suffer something. It implies a right in another person to which it is correlated and it restricts the freedom of the obligee with respect to definite acts and forbearances  but in order that it may be enforced by a Court, it must be a legal obligation and not merely moral,social or religious.

In case of Dilip Kaushal v. State of M.P A.I.R. 2008 MP 324 (FB)., the Court held that the reliefs under the Specific Relief Act, 1963 are granted for the purpose of the enforcing individual civil rights as is clear from Section 4 of the Specific Relief Act, 1963. Hence, the provisions of Specific Relief Act do not apply to right conferred on corporation or any other person under Section 307(5) of the MP Municipal Corporation Act, 1956. Accordingly, injunction under Part III of the Specific Relief Act, 1963 is granted to the plaintiff either to prevent a breach of an obligation in favoour of the plaintiff, or to compel the performance of an obligation in his favour. Unless therefore, there is an obligation in favour of the plaintiff which needs to be enforced, the Court cannot grant injunciton. Hence it is provided in Section 41(j) of the Specific Relief Act, 1963 that an injunciton can not granted when the plaintiff has no personal interest in teh matter. The provisions of the Specific Relief Act, 1963 do not apply to the right conferred on the corporation and any other person under Section 307(5) of the Act of 1956. Under teh provisions of MP Municipal Corporation Act,1956 every building must comply with the provisions of the Act of 1956 and the byelaws made there under and hence if there is any breach of the provisions of Act of 1956 or the bye-laws made thereunder, Section 307(5) of the Act of 1956 confers a right not only on the corporation but also any other person to apply to the district Court for an injunction for removal or alteration of a building on the ground that there has been the contravention of the provisions of the Act of 1956 or the bye laws made thereunder.

Again in case Phullan Mian v Jogendra Ram A.I.R. 2006 Pat 183, it was held that only individual civil rights can be enforced by this Act. The court held that it is settled principal of law that for establishing the case of the specific performance of contract, it is essential to State adn prove that the plaintiff was always ready and willing to perform his part of the contract. Mere insertion of teh averments in the plaint that the plaintiff was always ready and willing to perform his part of the contract is not sufficient to decree the suit for the specific performance of contract but this statement must be proved by convincing evidence eithe oral or documentary. It is the admitted position that the reply notice was received by the. plaintiff on 20.3.1984 i.e. two days prior to filing of the suit and therefore, when the plaintiff was in know of the fact that the defendant No. 1 is ready to execute the sale deed, why he did not approach defendant No. 1 to get the sale deed executed and what was the necessity of filing the suit, for specific, performance of contract so hurriedly remained unexplained. This circumstance establishes that the very purpose of filing of the suit was something different and the plaintiff's assertion regarding the readiness and willingness to perform his part of the contract was merely a device. to give color to the genuineness of alleged agreement for sale. From the scrutiny of evidence available on record it is established that the necessary evidence to prove this fact that the plaintiff was always ready and willing to perform his part of the contract was lacking and the plaintiff has failed to prove the necessary requirements for obtaining decree of specific performance of contract. I, therefore, hold -that the courts below have committed grave error in decreeing the suit for specific performance of the contract.


Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

Internship Opportunity in [phiLAWsophy]: Last Date of Application 30th April 2021

phiLAWsophy is a developing student running online platform which focally deals with the dissemination of legal updates, news, legal knowledge, and contents alike in nature.

About the Membership :

phiLAWsophy is looking for team members for various posts in different branches at team phiLAWsophy. The best possible opportunities will also be offered to those willing to join the team.

Eligibility :

All bonafide law students pursuing 5-year or 3-year law courses from any law college may apply.

How to Apply?

  • Interested applicants can apply by contacting us on our social media handles or by filling up the given Google Form.
  • Shortlisted candidates will be notified through Email.
  • Applicants are required to apply before 30th April 2021.

Contact Details

Email ID: philawsophylegal@gmail.com

Click here for applying to the position


20 April, 2021

Drafting of Letter to University for issuance of duplicate marksheet by Deepak Miglani

Dr. Deepak Miglani
Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

Please like the video and subscribe the youtubechannel. 


19 April, 2021

Rule of Harmonious Construction

When there is a conflict between two or more provisions of the law they should be followed in such a way that maximum benefit can be obtained and no rule need to be violated in the process of following another one.

It is a sound rule of interpretation that Courts must try to avoid a conflict between the provisions of the statute.

A statute must be read as a whole and one provision of the Act should be construed with reference to other provisions in the same Act so as to make a consistent enactment of the whole statute.

It is the duty of the Courts to avoid conflict between two provisions and whenever it is possible to do so to construe provisions that appear to conflict so that they harmonize.

Where in an enactment, there are two provisions that cannot be reconciled with each other, they should be so interpreted that, if possible, the effect may be given to both. This is what is known as the rule of harmonious construction. Such a construction has the merit of avoiding any inconsistency or repugnancy either within a section or between a section and other parts of the statue. 

In the land mark case of CIT v. Hindustan Bulk Carriers (2003) 3 SCC 57 the supreme court laid down five principles of rule of harmonious construction:

  • the courts must avoid a head-on clash of seemingly contradicting provisions and they must construe the contradictory provisions.
  • the provision of one section cannot be used to defeat the provision contained in another unless the court, despite all its efforts, is unable to find a way to reconcile their differences
  • when it is impossible to completely reconcile the differences in contradictory provisions, the courts must interpret them in such a way so that effect is given both the provisions as much as possible.
  • courts must also keep in mind that interpretation that reduces one provision to the useless number or dead is not harmonious construction.
  • to harmonize is not to destroy any statutory provision or to render it fruitless.

In Re Kerala Education Bill Case 1957 the SC uses the rule of harmonious construction and ruled that there is no inherent conflict between fundamental rights and directive principles of state policy and that they together constitute an integrated scheme. They constitute a comprehensive social and administrative program for a modern democratic state. They are in fact supplementary and complementary to each other. Therefore as far as possible avoid any conflict among them. They run parallel to each other and none is subordinate to the other.
• If two interpretations of law are possible and if one interpretation violates the harmony between the two while the other reinforces the harmony, the latter interpretation shall be accepted over the former.
• However, if there is only one interpretation and that is conflicting them the court shall implement the fundamental rights over the directive principles because the SC is duty-bound to implement the fundamental rights.

In Venkataramana Devaru v. State of Mysore AIR 1997 SC 1006 the SC applied the doctrine of harmonious construction in resolving a conflict between Articles 25(2)(b) and 26 (b)of the constitution and it was held that the right of every religious denomination or any section thereof to manages its own affairs in matters of religion [ Article 26(b)] is subject to a law made by a State providing for social welfare and reform or throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus [ Article 25(2)(b)].

The legislature enacts the law and the possibility of situations of ambiguity can not be ruled out. In that situations, the rule of interpretation of statutes come into play and the provisions are construed so as to give maximum effect to them. The doctrine of harmonious construction has help judges to interpret the two confronting laws easily and help in providing justice to society at large. Thus, it is one of the most important tools in hands of the judiciary while doing any interpretation of the statutes.

Dr. Deepak Miglani
Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

18 April, 2021

Summer Associate Internship Program for students of LLM, JD and MBA in Goldman Sachs, Bangalore [8-10 Weeks]: Apply Now!

The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. is a leading global financial institution that delivers a broad range of financial services across investment banking, securities, investment management and consumer banking to a large and diversified client base that includes corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals. Founded in 1869, the firm is headquartered in New York and maintains offices in all major financial centres around the world.

About the Internship

The summer associate internship is for candidates currently working towards an advanced degree such as an MBA, JD, MD or LLM and is usually undertaken during the second or penultimate year of study. This is a ten-week program with real responsibilities to give you a sense of what you would be doing, day-to-day, as a full-time Goldman Sachs employee.

The Internship Program

Our Summer Analyst Internship is an eight to ten week summer internship for undergraduate students. You will be fully immersed in the day-to-day activities of one of our divisions.

As a participant, you will:

  • Attend orientation where you’ll learn about our culture, as well as the benefits and responsibilities of being a member of the firm
  • Receive division-specific training designed to help you succeed
  • Have the opportunity to work on real responsibilities alongside fellow interns and our people


The summer analyst role is for candidates currently pursuing a college or university degree and is usually undertaken during the second penultimate year of study.




Applications for Goldman Sachs’ Summer Analyst Internship 2021 program are now open.

Our deadlines vary by school. Please check your school’s careers site for specific deadlines.

Find the official details of the Summer Analyst Internship,  Click here.


Click here to apply for the Summer Analyst Internship at Goldman Sachs.



Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

Mischief Rule of Interpretation

The mischief rule of statutory interpretation is the oldest of the rules.

The mischief rule is a rule of statutory interpretation that attempts to determine the legislator's intention. Its main aim is to determine the "mischief and defect" of the statue. 

The mischief rule was established in Heydon's Case in 1584. It was held the mischief rule should only be applied where there is ambiguity in the statute. Under the mischief rule, the Court's role is to suppress the mischief and advance the remedy. The Courts while applying the principles tries to find out the real intention behind the enactment. This rule thus assists the court in identifying the proper construction of statutory wording according to the original intention of the legislators.

As per this rule, for the true interpretation of a statute, four things have to be considered:

  • What was the common law before the making of the Act?
  • What was the mischief and defect for which the common law did not provide?
  • What remedy Parliament had resolved and appointed to cure the disease of the Commonwealth?
  • The true reason for the remedy.

The purposes of the Act and the mischief rule are, therefore, closely connected, and it is very genuine to look at the long title. Another example of the application of the mischief rule is found in Ohison v. Hylton[1975] 2 All E.R. 490. The facts, briefly, were a carpenter was on his way home from work. He boarded a train which was crowded. Another passenger objected and subsequently both finished up on the platform. The defendant, the carpenter, took one of his tools of his trade, a hammer, from his briefcase and struck the other man with it. He was charged under the Prevention of Crime Act 1953. Lord Widgery, CJ, said, inter alia:

This is a case in which the mischief at which the statute is aimed appears to me to be very clear. Immediately prior to the passing of the 1953 Act the criminal law was adequate to deal with the actual use of weapons in the course of a criminal assault. Where it was lacking, however, was that the mere carrying of offensive weapons was not an offence. The long title of the Act reads as follows:

‘An Act to prohibit the carrying of offensive weapons in public places without lawful authority or reasonable excuse’. Parliament is there recognizing the need for preventive justice where, by preventing the carriage of offensive weapons in a public place, it reduced the opportunity for the use of such weapons. If, however, the prosecutor is right, the scope goes far beyond the mischief aimed at, and in every case where an assault is committed with a weapon and in a public place an offence under the 1953 Act can be charged in addition to the charge of assault. Whilst on the subject of offensive weapons, mention must be made of the Divisional Court’s decision in Gibson v. Wales(1983) 147 J. P. 143, which decided that a “flick knife” is an offensive weapon per se.’

The mischief rule directs that the Courts must adopt that construction which shall suppress the mischief and advance the remedy. But this does not mean that construction should be adopted which ignores the plain natural meaning of the words or disregard the context and the collection in which they occur (Umed Singh v. Raj Singh).

In Sodra Devi's case(1957 AIR 832), the Supreme Court has expressed the view that the rule in Heydon's case is applicable only when the words in the question are ambiguous and are reasonably capable of more than one meaning. 

In Smith v. Huges, 1960 WLR 830, in this case around the 1960s, the prostitutes were soliciting in the streets of London and it was creating a huge problem in London. This was causing a great problem in maintaining law and order. To prevent this problem, Street Offences Act, 1959 was enacted. After the enactment of this act, the prostitutes started soliciting from windows and balconies. Further, the prostitutes who were carrying on to solicit from the streets and balconies were charged under section 1(1) of the said Act. But the prostitutes pleaded that they were not solicited from the streets. The court held that although they were not soliciting from the streets yet the mischief rule must be applied to prevent the soliciting by prostitutes and shall look into this issue. Thus, by applying this rule, the court held that the windows and balconies were taken to be an extension of the word street and charge sheet was held to be correct.

In Kanwar Singh v. Delhi Administration, AIR 1965 SC 871, issues of the case were as follows- section 418 of Delhi Corporation Act, 1902 authorised the corporation to round up the cattle grazing on the government land. The MCD rounded up the cattle belonging to Kanwar Singh. The words used in the statute authorised the corporation to round up the abandoned cattle. It was contended by Kanwar Singh that the word abandoned means the loss of ownership and those cattle which were round up belonged to him and hence, was not abandoned. The court held that the mischief rule had to be applied and the word abandoned must be interpreted to mean let loose or left unattended and even the temporary loss of ownership would be covered as abandoned.

In Regional Provident Fund Commissioner v. Sri Krishna Manufacturing Company, AIR 1962 SC 1526, Issue was that the respondent concerned was running a factory where four units were for manufacturing. Out of these four units one was for paddy mill, other three consisted of flour mill, saw mill and copper sheet units. The number of employees there were more than 50. The RPFC applied the provisions of Employees Provident Fund Act, 1952 thereby directing the factory to give the benefits to the employees. The person concerned segregated the entire factory into four separate units wherein the number of employees had fallen below 50, and he argued that the provisions were not applicable to him because the number is more than 50 in each unit. It was held by the court that the mischief rule has to be applied and all the four units must be taken to be one industry, and therefore, the applicability of PFA was upheld.

 -- Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

Literal Rule of Interpretation of Statute

Literal Rule of Interpretation is one of the oldest methods of interpretation adopted by the judiciary. 

The purpose of interpretation is always to find out what the statute stands for, what is the defect it intends to remove and what is remedy it seeks to advance.

In construing statutes the cardinal rule is to construe its provisions literally and grammatically giving the words their ordinary and natural meaning. This rule is also known as the plain meaning rule. 

According to the primary rule, the words, phrases and sentences of a statute are to be understood in their natural, ordinary or popular and grammatical meaning, unless such a construction leads to an absurdity or the statute suggests a different meaning. 

The words 'natural', 'ordinary' and 'popular' are used interchangeably. They mean the grammatical or literal meaning, except when there are technical work.

Every word in the law should be given meaning as no word is unnecessarily used.

One should not presume any omissions and if a word is not there in the Statue, it shall not be given any meaning.  

The first and most elementary rule of construction is that the words and phrases of technical legislation are used in their technical meaning if they have acquired one, and otherwise in their ordinary meaning, and the second is that the phrases and sentences are to be construed according to the grammar rule.

No judge can deviate from the meaning of the statute though decision maybe unjust. The words of a statute must prima facie be given their ordinary meaning.

The literal rule accepts the supremacy of the Parliament: the right to make laws, even though sometimes, they seem absurd. In the literal rule of interpretation, there is no contrary meaning within the statute.

Where there is no ambiguity in words, the question of intention ought not to be admitted. The words are plain and clear under the literal rule. The literal rule helps the judge in administering justice in a neutral manner.

When the language of the statute is clear and unambiguous it is not necessary to look into the legislative intent or object of the Act. The literal rule puts a virtual boundary upon the judges from not deviating from the ordinary or literal meaning of the words used in the statute.

If there is nothing to modify, alter or qualify the language which the statue contains, it must be construed in the ordinary and natural meaning of the words and sentences. Nothing is to be added to or taken from a statue unless there are adequate grounds to justify the interference. 

-- Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id:- legalbuddy@gmail.com

13 April, 2021

Apply Now: JOB of Associate (Litigator) at Law People [Law Firm] in Delhi

LAW PEOPLE is a corporate, commercial, and litigation law firm with a special focus on dispute resolution practice. Law People caters to a wide array of diversified as well as industry-specific litigation of both civil and criminal nature.

The firm is based out of New Delhi.

Nature of Work

The job profile will primarily be core-litigation practice at Trial Courts and High Court of Delhi, Consumer Tribunals, National Company Law Tribunal, National Company Law Appellate Tribunal having jurisdiction over the territory of Delhi-NCR.

The work would involve a lot of drafting and court appearances and therefore, the candidate is reasonably expected to be well-versed and fairly conversant in the art of drafting of pleadings, applying his/her mind to the controversy of facts and question of law involved in the matter.

The team encourages young professionals to appear before courts, including High Court and argue matters, provided that one is having requisite skills, passion, and exhaustive preparation in place.

Practice Areas

Practice areas are spread over a variety of core-criminal matters (blue collar and white collar crimes), quasi-criminal matters such as under Negotiable Instruments Act, core-civil disputes, corporate commercial disputes, arbitration matters so on, and so forth.

Number of Vacancies

01 (One)

Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum 1 Year PQE.
  • Freshers may consider applying if and only they have accumulated considerable and quality experience of litigation practice during their internship tenure (which shall be put to test).
  • Above all what is crucial for us is that the candidate should be passionate about the law and has a fire in his/her belly to crack the most intricate legal puzzles.


Offices are situated at LAW PEOPLE, 459-460, DLF Towers, Shivaji Marg, Moti Nagar, New Delhi-110015



Usual Timing: 10 A.M. – 8 P.M.


Based upon the qualifications and experience, the pay could be fixed monthly retainer in the range of INR 20,000-30,000.

The firm may call upon the Candidate to serve a stipend-based probationary period before confirming the position and based upon the performance, to work out an incentive-based increment.

Application Procedure

Send your resume along with a writing sample to gauravsharma@lawpeople.co.in

12 April, 2021

JOB for MBA/CS/CWA/LLB: Section Officer at ICAI [Institute of Chartered Accountants of India], Mumbai: Apply by Apr 20,2021

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) is the national professional accounting body of India. It was established on 1 July 1949 as a statutory body under the Chartered Accountants Act, 1949 enacted by the Parliament (acting as the provisional Parliament of India) to regulate the profession of Financial Accountancy in India. ICAI is the second largest professional Accounting & Finance body in the world in terms of membership and number of students. It recommends the accounting standards to be followed by companies in India to the National Financial Reporting Authority the Public Accounting Oversight Board which supersedes ICAI. ICAI is solely responsible and accountable for setting the Standards on Auditing (SAs) to be followed in the audit of financial statements in India.

About the Opportunity

ICAI invites applications from professionally successful, academically strong, and administratively capable human resources for the following regular positions.

Note: ICAI is inviting applications for multiple positions. This post will only be catering to law students, thus the post of Section Officer has been highlighted here.

Click here for the official notification.


Qualification & Experience Required

MBA/CS/CWA/LLB having a minimum of 5 years of experience in Accounting/Finance/Administration in Statutory/Regulatory/Professional Body/PSU/Industry

Skill Sets Required

  • Excellent Communication Skill (Written and Verbal)
  • Ability to work independently and collegially
  • Ability to deal with Managerial and Functional levels
  • Excellent administrative and organizational skills
  • Effective Decision-making skills

Job Profile

  • To provide technical and administrative support to the Department/Committee
  • To assist in preparing the Agenda and Minutes of the Meetings of the Department/Committee
  • To assist in preparing various MIS reports for meetings of the Department/Committee
  • To assist in preparing Background Materials for seminars, workshops, etc.
  • To assist in making a presentation on various Administrative/technical subjects

Age Limit

30-35 years as on 31.03.2021


Rs. 9.3 lakhs per annum (approx.)

How to Apply?

Interested candidates may send their application in Structured format through email at recruitwro@icai.in or can send through speed post to Assistant Secretary – HR, The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, ICAI Bhawan, I.P.Marg, New Delhi-110002, superscribing on the envelope “Application for the post of ____” within 15 days from date of release of this advertisement.


Initially based in Mumbai (Liable to be posted anywhere in India)

Click here for the application form.


11 April, 2021

JOB for LLM/MBA(Finance)/MA Economics: Young Professional and Consultant (General/Financial) at the Department of Economic Affairs: Apply by Apr 20,2021

The Department of Economic Affairs is the nodal agency of the Union Government to formulate and monitor country’s economic policies and programmes having a bearing on domestic and international aspects of economic management.

The Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance (MoF), is responsible for advice on economic issues having a bearing on internal and external aspects of the Indian economy including inflation, price control, foreign exchange management, Official Development Assistance domestic finance and preparation of the Union Budget, bilateral and multilateral engagement with international financial institutions and other countries. The Department is also the parent cadre maintains the cadre of the Indian Economic Service. DEA is divided into fourteen functional divisions viz. (i) Administration, (ii) Aid, Accounts and Audit, (iii) Bilateral Cooperation (iv) Budget, (v) Currency and Coinage (vi) Economic Division, (vii) Financial Markets, (viii) Commodative Derivatives, (ix) FSLRC (x) FSDC, (xi) Infrastructure and Energy, (xii) Investment, (xiii) Multilateral Institutions and (xiv) Multilateral Relations.

About the Opportunity

The Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) proposes to engage Young Professionals and Consultant in various Divisions of DEA for attending to specific and time-bound jobs of this Department.

https://mofapp.nic.in/cadre will not be consider. The only means of communication between the department and candidates shall be email.


  • Young Professional: Masters degree in Economics/Finance or MBA (Finance) or MBA or LLM.
  • Consultant: Masters degree in Economics/Finance or MBA (finance) or LLM with minimum 3 years post-qualification relevant professional/academic/research experience


  • Young Professional: Not exceeding 35 years
  • Consultant: Not exceeding 50 years


  • Young Professional: Rs. 40,000/- pm
  • Consultant: Rs. 80,000/- pm

How to Apply?

  • The application shall have to be submitted indicating the post and Division for which the candidate wishes to apply.
  • The application should be submitted through the Web portal on or before 20.04.2021.
  • Read the official notification carefully before applying for the position at MoF.

Click here to apply for the job role.



New Delhi

Click here for the official notification.


1st IDIA Kerala Chapter National Memorial Writing Competition [Award of Internship with Trilega]: Register by Apr 25,2021

Increasing Diversity by Increasing Access to Legal Education (IDIA) started as a student-run movement in 2010 from West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences. Founded by Prof. (Dr.) Shamnad Basheer, the movement seeks to empower underprivileged students and help them transform into leading lawyers and community advocates by giving them access to quality legal education. This competition is being organized by the

IDIA Kerala Chapter is run by the students of the National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi.

For more information, visit the website here.


About the Event

The art of memorial drafting is quintessential to every law student’s skill set. At the Kerala Chapter of IDIA, we aim to enhance the research, drafting and argumentation skills of budding lawyers across the country. In furtherance of this objective, we present the 1st National Memorial Writing Competition – an opportunity for law students across the country to showcase their analytical prowess.

The problem for the competition can be accessed along with the brochure here.

Participation and Qualification

  • The competition is open to students enrolled full time in a university, pursuing an undergraduate or graduate degree in law, at the time of the competition.
  • All participants are required to produce a bonafide letter/a copy of the college ID card from their institution.
  • Students enrolled in research degrees are not eligible to participate.
  • Only individual participation is accepted.

Registration Deadline

  • Register latest by April 25, 2021, by filling the google form.
  • Click on  the link given at the end of this post to register.
  • Registration Fee: Rs 500/-

Awards and Prizes

  • The winner of the competition will receive an internship opportunity at Trilegal, Bangalore.
  • Top 5 participants will receive certificates of merit (soft copies).
  • All participants will receive a participation certificate.

About Trilegal

Trilegal is one of India’s top tier law firms with offices in Bangalore, New Delhi, Mumbai and Gurugram. The firm was founded in 2000 and has won several accolades since. Trilegal practices in several realms of law including corporate law, mergers and acquisitions, financial services, energy and infrastructure and much more.

For more details about the firm and their work visit their website here.


Important Dates

  • Date of notification: March 16, 2021
  • Deadline for registration and fee payment: April 25, 2021
  • Deadline for clarifications: April 20, 2021
  • Release of clarifications April 28, 2021
  • Final date of submission: May 5, 2021

Mode of Payment

  • Payments can be made through the Unified Payment Interface (UPI) to the UPI ID: pcwaran@okaxis (9108156603) or arywarrier1710@okicici (8547056726)
  • All participants shall inform the Organising Committee, through email (idiakeralaevents@gmail.com), about the payment of the registration fee with relevant transaction details.

Contact Information

For further queries, contact

  • Pragya Narayanan: +91 92051 36442
  • Parameswaran Chidamparam: + 91 91081 56603

Click here to register for the competition. 

Legal Job:Assistant Manager-Legal at BFSL (Bank of Baroda Financial Solutions Ltd), Mumbai: Apply by Apr 22, 2021

BOB Financial Solutions Limited (BFSL, formerly known as BOBCARDS Ltd.) is a wholly owned subsidiary of Bank of Baroda and a Non-Deposit Accepting Non–Banking Finance Company (NBFC). BFSL was established in the year 1994 to cater to the need of the rapidly growing credit card industry in a focused manner. BFSL is one among the pioneers in Indian card market and was the first nonbanking company in India to issue credit cards.

About the Opportunity

With the aim to expand within Consumer Credit, Commercial Credit, Retail Credit, Capital Market Lending (loan against securities, IPO financing), and other Financial Services, BFSL is seeking to hire a law professional for the job role of Assistant Manager – Legal.

Qualifications and Experience Required

Education: Qualified LLB / Masters in Law from a reputed College/University

Minimum Experience: Minimum 3 years of experience preferably in Banking and Financial Services Sector Companies of repute

Skills Required

Applicants should possess the following attributes:

  • Strong Legal drafting and negotiation skills
  • Knowledge of applicable laws and regulation, specifically banking laws and knowledge of corporate laws;
  • Strong legal research capability and skills to find out relevant case laws
  • Good communication and coordination skills
  • Good with MS Office (Word/Excel/Power Point)
  • High Degree of Professional ethic and integrity
  • Ability to handle high work pressure with stipulated timelines
  • Should be comfortable with frequent travel requirements

Age Limit

Maximum Age on the last date of application: 45 Years as on date of receipt of Application.

Roles and Responsibilities

Key highlights of the role are listed below (purely indicative and not limiting):

  • Drafting, vetting, review, and negotiation of various contracts / agreements / MoUs / loan documents and other documentation for various Product lines of the Organization.
  • Drafting and negotiation of various contracts/agreements for various requirements/business engagements/various products and/or requirements of the Organization.
  • Carrying out necessary legal research and finding out relevant case laws/applicable laws/regulations in relation to various requirements of the Organization.
  • Carrying out necessary research for applicable RBI/SEBI/FEMA/other regulatory regulations/guidelines/directions for various requirements/products and queries from time to time.
  • Drafting, vetting, review of Plaints, Complaints, Written Statements, Counter Claims, Replies, Rejoinder, Affidavits, etc.
  • Filing and monitoring of all BY and AGAINST Cases, including without limitation, Suits, Arbitration, Consumer Dispute Cases/ Cases under Sec.138, recovery cases, decreed cases & its execution, etc. along with Conducting Lok Adalat.
  • Attending Court Proceedings and representation before regulatory authorities.
  • Issuing various demand notices and other legal notices for recovery of dues, preparation of compromise proposals, reply to legal notices, customer complaints, Complaints received through Ombudsman and other Customer Escalations on regular basis.
  • Preparing replies to all legal notices/complaints received from Cardholders, ensuring timely submission of these replies after approval from Competent Authorities.
  • Supporting in the research and evaluation of different risk factors regarding business decisions and operations.
  • Providing support for contractual and legal evaluation of RFP documents, tender enquiries and other legal terms and conditions.
  • Preparation and Management of Monthly and Quarterly MIS for Contracts and Litigation Cases.
  • Coordinating with advocates/solicitors and counsel for litigation matters and important business matters and engaging or impanel appropriate advocates/ counsels for legal matters of the Organization.
  • Engagement of Law Firms and coordinating with them for various legal requirements as the Organization.
  • Preparation of Monthly/ quarterly/ yearly compliances and submissions relating to legal matters, Fraud data/progress report, AML (Anti Money Laundering), etc. to Internal Auditors/ Statutory Auditors/ CAG Auditors/RBI.

How to Apply?

Last Date for application 22nd April 2021.

Email to be sent to careers@bobfinancial.com with subject as “Assistant Manager – Legal” with your CV, and a cover letter.


Mumbai, Maharashtra

Click here for the official information.

AIF (American India Foundation) Banyan Impact Fellowship 2021-22: Apply by Apr 30


We believe that cross-cultural partnerships give rise to innovation. The American India Foundation’s (AIF’s) Banyan Impact Fellowship is an interdisciplinary experiential learning program that places young professionals from India and the U.S. in service with development organizations in India. Through collaboration and capacity-building, Fellows and local communities exchange knowledge and skills to steer projects that advance social and economic development. Fellows learn about grassroots development and inclusive leadership. Since 2001, AIF has selected, trained, and supported 490 Fellows and 214 partner organizations to scale impact, catalyze change, and build the next generation of socially-minded change makers. AIF provides Fellows with a living stipend, health insurance, professional development, mentorship, and programmatic benefits to enable their service. Selection of Fellows includes a written application and an in-person interview, followed by matching with potential partner organizations for projects.


November 1, 2021 – July 2, 2022.* 

*AIF is planning for the program to be hosted in person, however reserves the right to change it to a hybrid model (i.e., a mix of in-person and virtual) if the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic requires it.


The Fellowship recruits consist of young professionals from India and the U.S., between 21 and 35 years of age, with remarkably diverse professional and personal backgrounds, who bring a passion for community based development. AIF selects, trains, and places these individuals directly with partnering implementation organizations across India. Fellows serve through contributing their efforts and skills to developing ongoing initiatives, as well as strategizing new projects for the host organizations. To review previous Fellow bios and placements, please check www.aif.org/fellowship/fellows.

AIF’s Selection Criteria for Fellows Include:

  • Applicants must be either U.S. Citizens, U.S. Permanent Residents, or Indian Citizens. 
  • Applicants must be young professionals between the age of 21-35 by the program start of November 1, 2021. 
  • Applicants must have completed a least a Bachelor's or other undergraduate degree before the program start of November 1, 2021. 
  • Applicants must be willing and able to serve on the ground in India for full duration of the program. As of April 6th, 2021, AIF is planning for the program to be hosted fully in person on the ground in India. Should the situation around COVID-19 drastically change by then, AIF may shift to a hybrid model.
  • Applicants must be willing to receive a COVID-19 vaccine before the start of the program.
  • Applicants must bring both skills and experience, as well as an eagerness to learn with host communities on the ground.
  • Applicants must be willing to learn a local language if required for the project. 
  • Applicants must be committed to enriching learning opportunities for the fellowship community and positively contribute to building U.S.-India bridges of understanding and partnership during their time of service and after.


AIF has a network of existing partners who have hosted AIF Fellows in the past, and welcomes new partners to apply each cycle. Potential partner organizations must have a registered office in India in order to host an AIF Fellow, and may not have religious or political affiliation. All Host Organizations - existing and new - go through a rigorous selection process that including a written application, an interview, and an evaluation visit (for new partners). Only strong applications that demonstrate a robust fellowship project with clear deliverables and goals, a solid local support structure, as well as a sound sustainability plan post-fellowship, will be given the opportunity to interview prospective AIF Fellows in the Summer of 2021.

AIF’s Selection Criteria for Host Organizations Include:

  • Organizations must have a registered office in India, maintain an active FCRA certification, and follow a non-political, non-religious mandate.
  • Organizations must be implementation organizations working directly with communities and beneficiaries.
  • Organizations must have non-discrimination, equal employment, anti-sexual harassment, and child safeguarding policies in place.
  • Organizations must demonstrate that they are at a crucial moment of scalability, and are currently looking to either expand or deepen their impact and reach in the intended community.
  • The proposed project must align with the mission and values of the organization, as well as the mission and values of the American India Foundation and the AIF Banyan Impact Fellowship.
  • Since 2018, half of the fellowship placements are in rural areas. We are looking to expand our rural outreach in the coming year, and welcome applications from all regions of the country.
  • Organizations must identify a member of the leadership of the organization who is willing and able to supervise the Fellow for the fellowship project. This individual must have demonstrated experience in the development field.
  • The organization should demonstrate that there are the required resources necessary to sustain and replicate the project post the completion of the Fellowship.


The American India Foundation (AIF) is dedicated to catalyzing social and economic change in India and building a lasting bridge between the United States and India. AIF is committed to improving the lives of India’s underprivileged, with a special focus on women, children, and youth. AIF does this through high impact interventions in education, health, and livelihoods, because poverty is multidimensional. AIF’s unique value proposition is its broad engagement between communities, civil society, and expertise thereby building a lasting bridge between the United States and India. Working closely with local communities, AIF partners with non-government organizations (NGOs) to develop and test innovative solutions and with governments to create and scale sustainable impact. Founded in 2001 in the aftermath of the devastating Gujarat earthquake by the Indian diaspora in the U.S., AIF has impacted the lives of 6.7 million of India’s poor. With offices in New York and California, twelve chapters across the U.S., and India operations headquartered in Delhi NCR, AIF is transforming lives across 26 states of India while addressing these issues on a regional, country, and international scale. Learn more at www.AIF.org

Click here to apply for the AIF Fellowship 2021-22.

03 April, 2021

Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 1 to 20 by Dr. Deepak Miglani

Questions related to the Constitution comes in every competitive exam. These videos will guide you to read the Constitution from the perspective of objective type questions.


Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 1 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 2 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 3 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 4 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 5 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 6 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 7 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 8 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 9 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 10 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 11 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 12 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 13 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 14 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 15 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 16 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 17 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 18 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 19 by Dr. Deepak Miglani



Constitutional Law Practice Questions Session 20 by Dr. Deepak Miglani




Dr. Deepak Miglani

Email id.:- legalbuddy@gmail.com


You can clear judicial services examination will planning and hard work.